A bright man who led his country
to the right path of development.
Vice-Chief of Staff of the Army
Born at Rutovu, Bururi province, South of Burundi
Returned to the motherland after graduating from a Belgian military academy.
Rapidly climbed ranks to end up as Lieutenant Colonel and Vice-Chief of Staff of the army.
Head of the Republic of Burundi
Became President of Burundi, after a bloodless military coup d'état, aged 30
Established a political system of a single-party state.
Incorporated leaders of Hutu ethnic-majority into the government and launched an anti-corruption drive.
A new constitution was voted by way of popular referendum.
The country remained a one-party state run by
Elected as President with 99% of the vote in a one-man race.
Credited with two-fold increase in medical professionals and establishments.
Improved road networks and other public infrastructures.
Massive state investments financed through foreign loans.
Held the most notorious international summit in the nation's history:
, attended by 37 head of states
Expelled missionaries off the country and nationalized Catholic schools.
Country's growth rate soared at 8% and will later collapse to -0.1% after Bagaza's tenure.
Massive cuts in military spending and government spending imposed on by IMF and World Bank.
Public ennemy #1
Ousted, also in a military coup, by Major Pierre Buyoya
while in Canada.
Went into exile in Uganda and later, Libya
Returned to Burundi.
First democratically-elected president, Melchior Ndadaye, was murdered by a military junta after only 100 days in power
Found a political party: PARENA, acting as a Tutsi-led opposition party.
Arusha Accord was signed - an agreement between
Hutu and Tutsi
elites which puts in place an ethnic quota system for state institutions
Lifetime member of the Senate
Former guerilla movement,
, won the first elections after almost 10 years of civil war.
Became holder of a lifetime seat in the Senate of Burundi, as former head of state.
Stepped down as the leader of PARENA.
Died, aged 69, after a short stay in hospital in Brussels, Belgium (
Buried with presidential honors in